The concluding discovery (Ghost in a Shell)

When I look back over the past two weeks and read my blogs it is clear I was thinking too hard. I was looking to find a culture clash and I believe this was clear within my second post. My second post where I should have been focusing on my findings I believe show’s myself justifying the elements of this film due to its Asian context, which is wrong.

I was very focused on the nudity of the film, I have no problem with general nudity as I am an avid fan of True Blood. Though an unrealistic female body which I deemed clearly aimed at teen age boys was making me feel unease and disinterested. Though I seemed to view this in an Asian context, through my bewilderment and confusion with their strict regulated television when I was simply forgetting that I have no issue with nudity for other shows I watch. This has lead me to the epiphany that my emotional response was perhaps not due to limited exposure to Asian culture but rather  I personally connotate animated content being content for children. I see Anime as; Pokémon, Dragon Ball Z and Sailor Moon all of which I watched as a child, nevertheless; Pattern (1998 p.118) estimates that 30-40% of the overall anime market is aimed at adults.  Pattern (1998 p.118) also discussed that anime aimed at adults might be a higher percentage as the adult market has a vague definition and this area has a steady growth rate.  Thus, I have realized that I actually have judged Ghost in a Shell based from my interpretation of Anime being for Children/teens and never gave a thought that (besides Hentai) that the adult anime industry is nearly half of all anime created.

The second evaluation of my experience was my obsession with whether Motoko Kusanagi was human or not. I have a strong belief that if a life form is self-aware that are a living life form. Though it is interesting that I stayed focus on Cyborgs in an Asian context. Whilst researching I was surprised to find that robots are now widely expected outside of Asian culture, with their being a robot consensus being conducted at Carnegie Mellon University (USA) (Mims 2010) where 547 robots had been counted and they were still counting as Robots were always being created.

For there to be a consensus of robots being held this really places in perspective for me how robots are becoming part of our world and it shouldn’t be a foreign Sci-fi ideal. It was researching robotic cultures when I discovered why I found the idea of a robot run culture so interesting. I first wrote that I felt Ghost in a Shell was very “90’s”, in the 90’s a robotic based culture was a thing of the future, of a Sci-Fi world. This is when my second epiphany occurred, I feel that the cyborgs seemed out of place to me simply due to the decade I felt the film was based in. Though in regards to a self-aware robot, I simply believe as stated in my previous post that this was such a strong theme in this film due to the religious view of Animism.

When I discovered that Asian culture has a strong belief in Animism stemming from Shinto, it became clear to me why this was an imposing element. Clearly through the belief of Animism, Motoko has a spiritual essence, though this film is attempting to question the audience’s beliefs.

Through evaluation I believe I have a better understanding of anime and Ghost in a Shell. I am also more aware of why I have reacted to this text in the way I have and I can see a clear transition of my understanding developing as I have analysed my response to Ghost in a Shell.


Mims, C 2010, “World’s First Robot Census”, MIT Technology Review, 11th October, viewed on 25th August 2015, url < >

Pattern, F 1998, “The Anime Porn Market”, in Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 years of Essays and Reviews, Stone Bridge Press, Berkeley, p.118.


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